To get an idea of the biomechanics of a high performance hockey skater, you can watch certain players and understand their characteristics.
Watch these players in these videos to see how they skate. You will notice they all have the 5 characteristics of fast skaters:
Arms move side-to-side.
Wide Stride with lots of space between their skates.
Low Recovery after pushing off.
Quickly getting the skate on the ice after pushing off.
Matt Barzal NHL Fastest Skater Competition 2020 – Watch Barzal’s wide stride, quick & low recovery after push-off, deep knee bend, significant forward lean of upper body, and arms side-to-side.
Watch Coyne’s amazingly fast feet during the push-off and recovery and how powerful her arms are moving.
Connor McDavid fast skating (0:24 – 0:42) check out his arm movement side-to-side, his wide stride, and his quick recovery.